Authored By: Vandana Pathak
Year of Publication: 2017
|Pages: 564||Binding: Hardback(HB)|
Category: English Literature
|Price in Rs. 840.00||Price in (USA) $. 67.2|
Dalit communities were allotted different sorts of low manual jobs in India. Some of them were so henious that they, as they became professions, made these communities “untouchable”. This was, of course, the curse of Varnashrama which did not allow an individual to relinquish his hereditary job and take up another. This was a cruel practical strategy adopted by the exponents of the so-called glorious tradition in India. This oppressive strategy created dehumanized social condition in which the Dalits were compelled to live. Dalit autobiographies document the pain, miseries, exploitation and marginalization of Dalits in India. Omprakash Walmiki’s Joothan, an elaborate illustration of these dehumanized social conditions, is perhaps, the most shocking example of the atrocities of caste-system. Joothan also reveals the author’s rebellious spirit as the new awakening dawns upon him gradually. The chapter on Jhoothan in Rubric offers an exhaustive reading of and insight into the miseries of Dalit community and efforts on part of the author to steer out of those miseries. Vasant Moon, whose contribution to the publication of Dr. Ambedkar’s Writings and Speeches is acknowledged by one and all, has written an Ambedkarite text to enhance the Dalit sensibility through his autobiography. What the readers look for into these autobiographies is the alienating impact produced by the unequal and unjust social structure which gradually converts into a powerful protest. Rubric also includes a chapter on Narendra Jadhav’s autobiography which is translated as Outcaste – A Memoir. In addition, Rubric deals with Dalit autobiographies of Laxman Mane (An Outsider), Laxman Gaikwad (The Branded), Kishore Kale (Against All Odds) and Sharankumar Limbale (The Outcaste). It has chapters on Karakku and Joothan as well. Thus, Rubric, with its arguments, deep study and insightful analysis of Dalit autobiographies in three Indian languages remains an important landmark in the gamut of Dalit Criticism.
Dr. Vandana Pathak is Associate Professor and Former Head, Dept. of English, L.A.D. & Smt. R.P. College for Women, Nagpur. She has done M.A. English, M.A. Linguistics, M.A. English Communication, M.A. Marathi, M. Phil, B.Ed. and Ph. D. Her areas of interest include: Dalit Literature, Indian Writing in English, Translation Studies, Stylistics, and Comparative Literature. She translated a book on Dalit Criticism from Marathi into English. She has co-edited two published anthologies: (i) Contemporary Fiction: An Anthology of Female Writers and (ii) Parsee Voices in Indian Fiction in English.
She has presented many papers in international/national conferences/seminars and published articles in reputed journals.